As we age, our skin starts to show the signs of a life lived. That can show up as fine lines and wrinkles, broken capillaries, sagging skin, or even brown sun spots.
These brown sun spots (known more officially as hyperpigmentation) can be one of the more frustrating signs of aging. But don't lose heart, there are treatments available.
The treatment options vary depending on whether you want to treat them at home or have them treated by a professional. Here is a brief review of each.
- At-home synthetic options - There are many products that claim to reduce brown spots and even out skin tone. Here are just a few of the key ingredients to look for when shopping for these products: hydroquinone, Vitamin C, glycolic acid, and alpha hydroxy acids. These ingredients can be found in products in nearly all price ranges.
- At-home natural options - Lemon juice is a well-known skin lightener. You can apply it directly and rinse after about 30 minutes or you can make an exfoliating paste with the juice and table sugar. Apple cider vinegar combined with onion juice is an excellent spot reducer as well. The advantage of both of these ingredients is that they are easy to locate in any grocery store and they have multiple skincare uses outside of spot reduction.
- Professional options - Chemical peels can improve so many aspects of skin agin including skin tone and texture, enlarged pores, acne and related scarring, hyperpigmentation, and fine lines and wrinkles. Photofacials are a gentle yet very effective treatment for brown spots, redness and blotchiness, rosacea, and uneven skin texture. Be aware that the brown spots can darken for around 12 hours post-treatment but that is a normal symptom after the session. You will more than likely need four to six sessions for optimal results. Microdermabrasion can also even out both skin tone and skin texture. Regular facials can also speed up the exfoliation process for more even skin tone.
One quick point - the at-home remedies will usually take longer but are more cost-efficient while the professional treatments show results more quickly but can be pricey.
Do keep in mind that throughout any of these treatment procedures, you will need to exercise particular caution against sun exposure. The treatment and the broad-spectrum sunscreen can easily be incorporated into any skin care regimen. You don't want to undo all of those beautiful improvements!